A Basic Theory of Tao Philosophy

By Wayne L. Wang, Ph. D.
Presented at �2006 International Conference on Taoism�
May 6-7, 2006, Taipei,Taiwan

This paper identifies The Principle of Oneness as the fundamental principle of Tao philosophy.


In this paper, we show that the intrinsic structure of Tao philosophy may be expressed in two levels of state or reality: the classical states and the actual states. The classical states refer to our experiences with the world of appearances and the actual states to realities in a transcendental domain. The classical and actual states are related, mathematically or symbolically, to form a Principle of Oneness 太一定律。 This principle is clearly exemplified in the relationship between Wu 無 and Yu 有, and it is a fundamental characteristic of Tao philosophy. Our Basic Theory of Tao Philosophy is built on this principle.

Following this principle, we discuss a Process of Actualization 實現程序 as a way to seek harmony in Tao in various domains and states. We show that Tao philosophy shares a common pattern of truth with many other ancient and modern philosophies. Our analysis is based on the Tao Te Ching, but the result is general and may serve as a possible step in developing a systematic framework for a Contemporary Tao Philosophy 當代新道家。