5. The Characteristics of the Yu State 有

Although the Yu 有 state has been described in detail in many chapters in the Tao Te Ching, it has not been widely recognized as an intrinsic part of Tao. In some extreme cases, the Yu state is considered to be an undesirable deviation from Tao. In our model, the Yu state is as important as the Wu state.

5.1 Yu as the Window into Wu

In the Yu state, man is aware of the interactions with heaven and can sense the reverting power of Tao. Tao acts as a synchronization signal for man to return to the Oneness state. While we are seeking Tao, the Yu states may be even more important than the Wu state. The Yu states are the doorways to the Oneness state.

5.2Laotzu's Descriptions of Yu

How did Laotzu describe the Yu states? In some cases, Laotzu describes Yu in terms of Te, as the proper laws of interaction. The Yu states are manifestations of Te, the characteristics of which can be traced back to the interaction of Chi. Laotzu also describes Yu as the state that the Sage would try to restore.

5.3   General Properties of Yu

Overall, Laotzu describes the Yu states as Following Tzujan (Nature) in Chapter 52 and Greatest Harmony in Chapter 65. In the Oneness state, Laotzu treats the Yu states as parts of Tzujan and harmony.     

5.8 What is a Sage?

Our actions should synchronize with the intrinsic properties of the Heavenly Yu state, so that we can return to the Oneness state. Laotzu describes such actions as those taken by the Sage.

5.9  What would the Sage Do?

One way to find out what actions are proper in a situation is to ask what the Sage would do in that situation. His action would reflect the proper Yu action to be in harmony with the way of Tao.