Quantum Field Theory of TaoThough the body of work goes into deeper detail... here are a few portions regarding Physics that were gleaned from several sections...
Sciences and Tao philosophy have been kept far apart for a long time and we are still reluctant to admit that science and philosophy should advance hand in hand. As the quantum theory matures, physicists begin to recognize the disappearing boundary between scientific philosophy and Eastern mystics. For example, Capra describes phenomenon of Tao in physics in his 1975 best seller, The Tao of Physics [CA00].
From this side, we see the ultimate physics in Tao. In our efforts to re-construct the Tao philosophy, we have found full dynamics in the words of Laotzu, that we can best describe as The Physics of Tao.
Initially, we hoped to use the conceptual languages of modern physics to analyze Tao. Later, we discovered that Tao, as described by Laotzu, is already a rudimentary quantum field theory of today. After this discussion, readers may find that Tao may qualify as an ancient formalism of our modern cosmology.
How do we build a field theory of Tao? Laotzu did this by describing the universe as a dynamic system of interactions between man and heaven. Following a field theory formulation, we may have a systematic description of Tao in terms of its key concepts and their relationships, based on the properties of the interaction.
We may summarize Laotzus field theory hypothesis as:
1. The universe may be represented by a Tao field. This field consists of man and heaven. Tao describes the relationship of man and heaven.
2. The interaction in the Tao field is mediated by Chi 氣 which represents the quanta exchanged between man and heaven. Chi exchange gives rise to man-heaven interactions.
3. The law of interactions between man and heaven is called Te 德 Te obtains its inherent properties based on Chi exchange with yin-yang bipolar symmetry.
The above three hypotheses form a simple and powerful field theory of Tao. This is a scientific model to describe The Dynamic Tao. We may use these hypotheses as the staring point to analyze Tao philosophy in a systematic way.
As an immediate result of the field theory, we have identified the roles of Chi and Te in the Tao philosophical system. As in the quantum theory, Chi is exchanged as quantized virtual particles in the Tao field. The relationship between Chi and Te is also well established in the field theory. Therefore, for our purpose, we have no need to pursue how Chi is quantized and how Te depends on Chi, since physicists have done elaborate analyses already. Behind each phenomenon, there are laws of nature; in Tao, we have Te. We only need to know that the model may be used to describe the interactions and the natural states of the Tao universe.
In Tao philosophy, Laotzu performed such calculations only in his head and described the results in the Tao Te Ching. In Chapter 1, he describes the states of the Tao field in terms of Wu and Yo, and the transmutations between them. In Chapter 42, Laotzu related Chi to the interplay of yin 陰 ang yang 陽 and thus, we may deduce the properties of Te from the bipolar yin-yang symmetry. Laotzu describes all the relationships and various states in his book.
As illustrations, we may represent the interaction between man and heaven by the following the Feynman diagramsin Figure 1:
[Feynman diagrams are used to represent different modes of interactions that appear in the mathematical calculation of the particle interactions. Richard Feynman was an American physicist and Nobel laureate (1965) for his role in the development of the theory of quantum electrodynamics, the study of the interaction of light with atoms and their electrons.]
Each Feynman diagram represents an interaction mode and appears as a term in mathematical calculations of the interactions. Physicists often visualize them as physical processes of particle creation and annihilation in the field, although they are not intended to represent actual physical processes.
In Figure 1(a), we show the interaction between man and heaven as exchange of Chi quanta in the Tao field. In this diagram, Chi is generated by man and is absorbed by heaven. Chi may also be generated by heaven and absorbed by man. For comparison, we also show the scattering of electron and proton in an electromagnetic field by virtual photon exchange.
In Figure 1(b), we show how yin and yang generate Chi. When time direction is reversed, it shows how Chi regenerates yin and yang. Laotzu states in Chapter 42 that all beings are endowed with yin and yang, which are blended to generate the harmonious Chi.